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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 419--424

Calotropis procera : A potential cognition enhancer in scopolamine and electroconvulsive shock-induced amnesia in rats

Rohit Malabade, Ashok D Taranalli 
 Department of Pharmacology, KLE University's College of Pharmacy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
[email protected] Rohit Malabade
Department of Pharmacology, KLE University«SQ»s College of Pharmacy, Belagavi, Karnataka
India

Objectives: Present study evaluates the effect of Calotropis procera (Apocynaceae) dry latex on cognitive function in rats using scopolamine and electroconvulsive shock (ECS) induced amnesia model. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were pretreated with 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg of C. procera dry latex in scopolamine-induced amnesia model. Dose showing maximum effect in cognitive performance was selected and further evaluated using scopolamine and ECS-induced amnesia model for its effect on neurochemical enzymes and cognitive performance. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, β amyloid 1-42 , and dopamine level were analyzed, while the cognitive performance was assessed by elevated plus maze, step-through passive avoidance test, and Morris water maze. Simultaneously, C. procera dry latex (25, 50, 100, 250, 500, and 1000 μg/mL) was screened for in vitro AChE inhibition assay. Results: Pretreatment with (200, 400 and 800 mg/kg) C. procera dry latex shows dose dependent increase in cognitive performance in scopolamine-induced amnesia. Further, pretreatment with the selected dose (800 mg/kg) showed significant improvement in transfer latency (P < 0.001, P < 0.01), escape latency (P < 0.05), time spent in target quadrant (P < 0.001) also significant decrease in AChE activity (P < 0.05), β amyloid 1-42 level (P < 0.001), and increase in dopamine level (P < 0.01) in rat brain homogenate when compared with scopolamine and ECS disease control groups. IC 50 for C. procera dry latex was found to be <1000 μg/mL. Conclusions: Pretreatment with C. procera dry latex (800 mg/kg) produced significant cognition enhancement by improving cognitive performance and decreasing the marker neurochemical enzyme activity in scopolamine and ECS-induced amnesia model.


How to cite this article:
Malabade R, Taranalli AD. Calotropis procera : A potential cognition enhancer in scopolamine and electroconvulsive shock-induced amnesia in rats.Indian J Pharmacol 2015;47:419-424


How to cite this URL:
Malabade R, Taranalli AD. Calotropis procera : A potential cognition enhancer in scopolamine and electroconvulsive shock-induced amnesia in rats. Indian J Pharmacol [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Jul 25 ];47:419-424
Available from: https://www.ijp-online.com/article.asp?issn=0253-7613;year=2015;volume=47;issue=4;spage=419;epage=424;aulast=Malabade;type=0