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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 377-383

Evaluation of anticancer activity of Clerodendrum viscosum leaves against breast carcinoma

Division of Molecular Medicine, Bose Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Nripendranath Mandal
Division of Molecular Medicine, Bose Institute, P-1/12 CIT Scheme - VIIM, Kolkata - 700 054, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_565_19

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INTRODUCTION: The use of natural resources as medicines for cancer therapies has been described throughout history in the form of traditional medicines. However, many resources are still unidentified for their potent biological activities. Clerodendrum viscosum is a hill glory bower reported as a remedy against oxidative stress, skin diseases, and intestinal infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have collected the C. viscosum leaves and used for the preparation of 70% methanolic extract (CVLME). Then, CVLME has been confirmed for anticancer properties on various cancer cell lines by evaluating cytotoxicity, cell cycle analysis, induction of ROS and apoptosis, and nuclear fragmentation. Further, the phytochemical analysis of CVLME was evaluated through high-performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS: Cell proliferation assay revealed the selective cytotoxicity of CVLME against breast cancer cell line (MCF-7). The FACS-based cell cycle analysis showed increased subG1 (apoptosis) population dose dependently. Further, the apoptosis-inducing effect of CVLME was confirmed by annexin staining. Flow cytometry and confocal microscopy revealed the selective ROS generation upon CVLME treatment. The confocal-based morphological study also revealed condensed and fragmented nuclear structure in CVLME-treated MCF-7 cells. Phytochemical investigations further indicated the presence of tannic acid, catechin, rutin, and reserpine which might be the reason for the anticancer activity of CVLME. CONCLUSION: The above-combined results revealed the anticancer effect of CVLME, which may be due to the selective induction of ROS in breast carcinoma.


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