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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 458-464

Immunomodulatory properties of titanium dioxide nanostructural materials

1 Department of Genetics and Genomics, Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Microbiology, Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
4 Department of Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Nanocatalysis and Solar Fuels Research Laboratory, Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dakshayani Lomada
Department of Genetics and Genomics, Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa - 516 003, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_536_16

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OBJECTIVES: Although titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructural materials have been widely used in Biology and Medicine, very little is known about immunomodulation mechanism of these materials. Objectives of this study are to investigate in vitro immunomodulatory effects of TiO2.Immunosuppressant may lower immune responses and are helpful for the treatment of graft versus host diseases and autoimmune disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we used H2Ti3O7titanium dioxide nanotubes (TNT) nanotubes along with commercial TiO2nanoparticles (TNP) and TiO2fine particles (TFP). We investigated the in vitro immunomodulatory effects of TNP, TNT, and TFP using mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). Suppression was studied by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cytokine profile was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study illustrated that the TiO2nanostructural materials strongly suppressed splenocytes proliferation in MLR. For TNP and TNT, at 50 μg/ml suppression of 20%–25% and 30%–35%, respectively, and for TFP at 100 μg/ml suppression was 25%–30% was observed. Suppression of splenocytes proliferation in the presence of TNP, TNT, and TFP demonstrated that these nanostructural materials probably block T-cell-mediated responses in vitro. Our ELISA results confirmed that significantly lower levels of Th1 type cytokines (interleukin-2, interferon-γ) in the 48 h MLR culture supernatants. Our data suggest that TiO2nanostructural materials suppress splenocytes proliferation by suppressing Th1 cytokines.


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