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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 445-450

Assessment of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use pattern using world health organization indicators: A cross-sectional study in a tertiary care teaching hospital of Chhattisgarh

1 Intern, All Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, All Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Nitin Gaikwad
Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Medical College Complex, Gate No. 5, South Wing, GE Road, Tatibandh, Raipur - 492 099, Chhattisgarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_189_17

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OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess drug utilization pattern of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Raipur, Chhattisgarh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the outpatient department during 2-month period. After informed consent, the patients visiting pharmacy shop with a prescription were enrolled in the study. Their demographic details and prescription data were recorded in a case record form. The data were analyzed to determine the drug utilization pattern of NSAIDs, using the World Health Organization (WHO) prescribing indicators. RESULTS: A total of 600 prescriptions were analyzed. Of them, NSAIDs were prescribed in 30.83% encounters. In general, nonselective COX inhibitors were most commonly prescribed. The most commonly prescribed form of NSAID was paracetamol (39.45%). The percentage of NSAIDs prescribed with generic names were almost identical (91.15%), whereas the percentage of NSAIDs prescribed from the National List of Essential Medicine (India) – 2015 (49.72%) was not identical with the WHO standard (100%) which serves as an ideal. In 13.51% encounters, a fixed-dose combination (FDC) of NSAIDs was prescribed. Co-administration of gastroprotective agent with NSAIDs was observed in 24.32% encounters. CONCLUSION: The prescribing practices of NSAIDs indicate some deviation from the WHO standard. In addition, FDCs of NSAIDs with gastroprotective agents as well as other NSAIDs was also prescribed, which are irrational. This baseline data will be useful to plan further targeted research and to improve prescribing practices at the center. Various strategies such as face-to-face periodic training programs of prescribers, establishing drug and therapeutic committee; drug information centers; and drug bulletins can serve beneficial in improving prescribing practices.


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