| RESEARCH ARTICLE
|Year : 2012 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 382-386
Citrus flavonoid naringenin improves aortic reactivity in streptozotocin-diabetic rats
Faramarz Fallahi1, Mehrdad Roghani2, Sanaz Moghadami3
1 Department of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, School of Medicine and Neurophysiology Research Center, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Physiology, School of Medicine and Neurophysiology Research Center, Tehran, Iran
3 School of Medicine, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
Background and Objective: Cardiovascular disorders continue to constitute major causes of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. In this study, the effect of chronic administration of naringenin was investigated on aortic reactivity of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.
Materials and Methods: Male diabetic rats (n=32) were divided into control, naringenin-treated control, diabetic, and naringenin-treated diabetic groups of eight animals each. The latter group received naringenin for 5 weeks at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day after diabetes induction. The contractile responses to potassium chloride (KCl) and phenylephrine (PE) and relaxation response to acetylcholine (ACh) were obtained from aortic rings. Meanwhile, participation of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelial vasodilator factors in response to ACh were evaluated using N (G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and indomethacin (INDO), respectively.
Results: Maximum contractile response of endothelium-intact rings to KCl and PE was significantly (P<0.05) lower in naringenin-treated diabetic rats as compared to untreated diabetics. Endothelium-dependent relaxation to ACh was significantly (P<0.05-0.01) higher in naringenin-treated diabetic rats as compared to diabetic ones and pretreatment of rings with nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N (G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) significantly (P<0.001) attenuated the observed response.
Conclusion: Chronic treatment of diabetic rats with naringenin could prevent some abnormal changes in vascular reactivity in diabetic rats through nitric oxide and endothelium integrity is necessary for this beneficial effect.
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine and Neurophysiology Research Center, Tehran
Source of Support: Financially supported by Shahed University (Tehran) in 2009, Conflict of Interest: None
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