| RESEARCH ARTICLE
|Year : 2012 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 246-252
Pharmacokinetic interaction of garlic and atorvastatin in dyslipidemic rats
G Dilip Reddy1, A Gopala Reddy1, GS Rao2, M Vijay Kumar3
1 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India
2 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram, Krishna, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Veterinary College, Bidar, Karnataka, India
Objective: To assess pharmacokinetic interaction of garlic with atorvastatin in dyslipidemic rats.
Materials and Methods: Sprague Dawley rats with induced dyslipidemia were divided into five groups of eight rats each. Group 1 was given atorvastatin (10 mg/kg body weight (b.wt) orally), group 2 was given atorvastatin (10 mg/kg b.wt orally)+garlic (1% w/w in feed), group 3 was maintained on atorvastatin (5 mg/kg b.wt orally)+garlic (0.5% w/w in feed), group 4 was maintained on atorvastatin (7.5 mg/kg b.wt orally)+garlic (0.25% w/w in feed), and group 5 was maintained on atorvastatin (2.5 mg/kg b.wt orally)+garlic (0.75% w/w in feed) for 12 weeks. Blood samples were collected at predetermined time intervals for kinetic analysis after the first and last oral dosing of atorvastatin for single and multiple dose studies, respectively. Plasma samples were assayed for atorvastatin concentration by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and then the concentration-time data were analyzed.
Results: Maximum observed plasma concentration (C max ), half-life, Area Under Plasma Concentration Time Curve (AUC), and Mean Resident Time (MRT) were significantly (P<0.05) increased during multiple dose kinetic study and elimination rate constant was significantly (P<0.05) decreased in comparison with their respective single-dose values, while there was no significant difference in time to achieve maximum concentration (t max ) in all groups during both phases of the study. The highest values for kinetic parameters were observed in group 2 with correspondingly low activity of Cytochrome P 450 (CYP 450 ).
Conclusion: The study revealed higher values [C max , AUC, Area Under The Moment Curve (AUMC), MRT, and half-life] of atorvastatin in garlic-treated groups.
A Gopala Reddy
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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