| SHORT COMMUNICATION
|Year : 2011 | Volume
| Issue : 6 | Page : 714-717
Natriuretic and saluretic effects of Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. root extracts in rats
Navneet B Gadge, Sunil S Jalalpure
Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, KLE University's College of Pharmacy, JNMC Campus, Nehru Nagar, Belgaum- 590 010, Karnataka, India
Objective : The present study was aimed to investigate the diuretic effects of aqueous (AqE) and ethanolic (EtE) crude extracts of Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. roots (family - Asclepiadaceae) using acute model in rats.
Materials and Methods : A single individual dose of AqE and EtE of H. indicus root (200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg, p.o., each), frusemide and hydrochlorothiazide, (25 mg/kg, p.o., each) as reference diuretic drugs were administered orally to dehydrated rats. Control group rats were fed with normal saline (25 ml/kg, p.o.). All rats were caged in metabolic cages in a pairs and their urine output was monitored at 5 and 24 h intervals.
Results : Both extracts significantly increased the urine output in higher doses. Although, the onset of this diuretic action was gradual (within 5 h), it lasted throughout the studied period (up to 24 h). Further, the intensity of diuresis induced by AqE (400 mg/kg) in 5 h was almost similar to that of frusemide and hydrochlothiazide. AqE of H. indicus root also caused marked increase in urinary Na + and K + levels. However, the routine urinalysis showed non-significant alterations in pH and specific gravity by either dose of crude extracts of H. indicus roots.
Conclusions : These effects demonstrate possible diuretic actions of H. indicus root extracts and support its folklore use in various urinary ailments. Further study need to be done to characterize active phytoconstituents.
Navneet B Gadge
Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, KLE University's College of Pharmacy, JNMC Campus, Nehru Nagar, Belgaum- 590 010, Karnataka
Source of Support: ICMR, New Delhi, Conflict of Interest: None
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