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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 445--449

Effect of Montelukast on bradykinin-induced contraction of isolated tracheal smooth muscle of guinea pig

A Noor1, MH Najmi2, S Bukhtiar2 
1 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Army Medical College, National Institute of Science and Technology, Rawalpindi; Department of Pharmacology, Islamic International Medical College, Pakistan
2 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Army Medical College, National Institute of Science and Technology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
A Noor
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Army Medical College, National Institute of Science and Technology, Rawalpindi; Department of Pharmacology, Islamic International Medical College
Pakistan

Aim: To explore the effect of montelukast on bradykinin-induced tracheal smooth muscle contraction of isolated guinea pig trachea. Study Design: To study the effect of bradykinin in the absence and in the presence of montelukast on the isolated tracheal smooth muscle of a guinea pig pretreated with indomethacin (10 -6 M), phentolamine (10 -5 M), and propranalol (10 -6 M), to eliminate the effect of endogenous prostaglandins and catecholamines. The trachealis smooth muscle activity was recorded through the Isometric Force Displacement Transducer on a Four Channel Oscillograph. A cumulative dose-response relationship was demonstrated by adding successive doses of bradykinin on the tracheal strips, starting with 11 μg to 77 μg of 10 -4 concentration. A similar procedure was repeated in the presence of montelukast 0.5 μg/ml, which, was equal to approximate C max achieved in vivo with a 10 mg oral dose of montelukast, and in the presence of 1 μg/ml of montelukast. Statistical Analysis: Data was expressed as mean ± standard error (SEM), and was analyzed using the SPSS version 15. A P value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Bradykinin produced a dose-dependent, reversible contraction of isolated tracheal smooth muscle. Montelukast significantly reduced the bradykinin-induced tracheal smooth muscle reactivity and shifted the bradykinin curve to the right and downwards, in the presence of both concentrations of montelukast. The mean magnitude of response achieved with 77 μg of bradykinin in the absence of montelukast was 39 mm ± 6.26, in the presence of 0.5 μg/ml of montelukast it was 24.17 mm ± 4.11, and in the presence of 1 μg/ml of montelukast it was 13 mm ± 2.6. Conclusion: It is concluded that montelukast significantly inhibits, in a dose-dependent manner, the bradykinin-induced contraction of the guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle, and alludes to an interaction between the bradykinin and leukotriene mediators.


How to cite this article:
Noor A, Najmi M H, Bukhtiar S. Effect of Montelukast on bradykinin-induced contraction of isolated tracheal smooth muscle of guinea pig.Indian J Pharmacol 2011;43:445-449


How to cite this URL:
Noor A, Najmi M H, Bukhtiar S. Effect of Montelukast on bradykinin-induced contraction of isolated tracheal smooth muscle of guinea pig. Indian J Pharmacol [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Sep 20 ];43:445-449
Available from: http://www.ijp-online.com/article.asp?issn=0253-7613;year=2011;volume=43;issue=4;spage=445;epage=449;aulast=Noor;type=0