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 RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 248-254

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphism in healthy volunteers and its correlation with homocysteine levels in patients with thrombosis


1 Department of Clinical Pharmacology, TN Medical College and BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Hematology, TN Medical College and BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Cardiology, TN Medical College and BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Renuka Munshi
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, TN Medical College and BYL Nair Ch. Hospital, G Building 4th and 5th Floor, Dr. AL Nair Road, Mumbai Central, Mumbai - 400 008, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_215_19

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OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutations in apparently healthy individuals residing in Mumbai and patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and coronary artery disease (CAD) and to correlate these polymorphisms with homocysteine (Hcy) levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case–control study was initiated after receiving ethical approval and following the participant's written consent. One hundred and twenty unmatched healthy volunteers and 240 patients with arterial and venous thrombosis were enrolled. The prevalence of C677T and A1298C MTHFR mutations was detected using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. Serum Hcy concentration and lipid levels were determined using biochemical kits. RESULTS: Allele frequency of 677T was 7%, 15%, and 14% in healthy controls, DVT, and CAD patients, respectively, while for 1298C allele, it was 31%, 33%, and 29%, respectively. The lipid markers in CAD patients were significantly low in comparison to the controls while the Hcy level in patients with thrombosis was higher in comparison with the controls. Highest Hcy levels were observed in participants with TT genotype followed by CT genotype and CC genotype in all the three groups. A higher risk of raised Hcy levels was seen in the variants (CT + TT) as compared to CC genotype in DVT (odds ratio [OR] = 3.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.39–8.2,P < 0.01) and CAD (OR = 21.67, 95%CI = 4.87–96.47,P < 0.0001). The risk observed for A1298C was 2.28 and 2.12 times higher in variants (AC + CC) of both DVT and CAD (OR = 2.28, 95%CI = 1.09–4.75 and OR = 2.12, 95%CI = 1.02–4.40, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of variants was more in thrombosis patients as compared to unmatched controls. Our study highlights the fact that MTHFR C677T polymorphism as compared to A1298C significantly affects Hcy levels in patients with thrombosis indicating that patients with mutant variants are at higher risk of rapid progression of their disease condition.






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