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 EDUCATIONAL FORUM
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 88-92

Wound healing effects of topical Vitamin K: A randomized controlled trial


1 Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
3 Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4 Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine; Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
5 Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Behnam Ghorbanzadeh
Assistant Professor in Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_183_18

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BACKGROUND: The incidence of acute and chronic wounds has rapidly increased which treatment remains as health problem. Previously, we reported the healing effect of Vitamin K in experimental animal models. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of topical Vitamin K on skin wound healing process in patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-three patients with indication for high-frequency electrocautery were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. The patients were divided randomly into three groups. All the patients underwent high-frequency electrocautery treatment. Then, the patients in the A group received 1% Vitamin K cream, the patients in the B group received 1% phenytoin cream. Furthermore, the patients in the control group received Eucerin. The wound status (width and the time of recovery) and complications in the three groups were evaluated 2 weeks after procedure by a dermatologist. RESULTS: The effects produced by the topical Vitamin K showed a significant (P < 0.05) healing when compared with Eucerin group in parameters such as wound contraction and time to full recovery. Moreover, the healing time did not differ between phenytoin and Vitamin K groups (P = 0.16). CONCLUSION: A randomized, controlled trial suggests that topical application of Vitamin K significantly reduces healing time in patients.






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