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 RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 279-283

Ten units intravenous oxytocin over 2–4 h is as effective as 30 units over 8–12 h in preventing postpartum hemorrhage after cesarean section: A randomized controlled trial


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ramandeep Bansal
Advanced Skin and Medicine Clinic, Sector 44 A, Chandigarh - 160 012
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijp.IJP_419_18

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OBJECTIVES: Currently, recommended high-dose oxytocin regimen for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) following cesarean delivery (CD) is associated with maternal side effects frequency of which is greater with a higher cumulative dose and rapid administration of oxytocin. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of single-dose intravenous oxytocin over 2–4 h (total = 10 units) with oxytocin maintenance infusion for 8–12 h (total = 30 units) in postoperative CD women for the prevention of PPH. METHODS: The current double-blinded randomized controlled trial was carried out in a tertiary care institute in Southern India. The primary outcome measures included the following: (a) the need for additional uterotonics to control PPH and (b) significant deterioration of vital signs as assessed by pulse rate and blood pressure in the postoperative period. The secondary outcome measures were as follows: (a) significant difference (≥10% between preoperative and postoperative packed cell volume) and (b) need for blood transfusion. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Two hundred and seventy-one women were randomized into Group A (oxytocin = 10 units; n = 135) and Group B (oxytocin = 30 units; n = 136). Both the groups were comparable with regard to demographic characteristics. There was no difference in any of primary or secondary outcome measures in the two groups. Thus, low-dose oxytocin regimen is as effective as high-dose oxytocin regimen in the prevention of PPH in postoperative CD women.






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