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In This Article
 »  Abstract
 » Introduction
 »  Materials and Me...
 » Results
 » Discussion
 » Conclusions
 »  References
 »  Article Tables

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 Table of Contents    
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 48  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 214-215
 

The effect of methanolic extract of Buchanania lanzan Spreng seeds on hematological indices


Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, B. R. Nahata College of Pharmacy, Mandsaur, Madhya Pradesh, India

Date of Submission12-Oct-2015
Date of Decision03-Feb-2016
Date of Acceptance21-Feb-2016
Date of Web Publication17-Mar-2016

Correspondence Address:
Mandeep Kumar Singh
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, B. R. Nahata College of Pharmacy, Mandsaur, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.178835

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 » Abstract 

Objective: The objective of the current study was carried out to investigate the effects of methanolic extract of Buchanania lanzan Spreng seeds on hematological indices.
Materials and Methods: Eighteen male albino Wistar rats were divided into three groups, six in each. Group I animals received distilled water, Group II and III were treated with an oral dose of 1000 mg oil/kg and 2000 mg oil/kg of extract, respectively, for 7 days. At the end of the study, blood was collected and evaluated for packed cell volume (PCV), hemoglobin (Hb) concentration, and red blood cell (RBC) and white blood cell (WBC) counts.
Results: There was a significant dose-dependent increase in the hematological indices such as PCV, Hb, RBC, and WBC count in the treatment group.
Conclusions: The improvement of PCV, Hb, and RBC values is an indication of the anti-anemic effect which may be due to the stimulation of RBC production in bone marrow. Further, stimulated production of WBC could be as a result of possible stimulus of the immune system. Hence, this study confirms that the extract of B. lanzan could be useful for the treatment of anemia.


Keywords: Buchanania lanzan, hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, red blood cell, white blood cell


How to cite this article:
Singh MK, Das BK, Patidar P. The effect of methanolic extract of Buchanania lanzan Spreng seeds on hematological indices. Indian J Pharmacol 2016;48:214-5

How to cite this URL:
Singh MK, Das BK, Patidar P. The effect of methanolic extract of Buchanania lanzan Spreng seeds on hematological indices. Indian J Pharmacol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Nov 19];48:214-5. Available from: http://www.ijp-online.com/text.asp?2016/48/2/214/178835



 » Introduction Top


Plant-derived traditional medicines are getting curiosity from fringe to mainstream with a great emphasis on remedies and health approaches regardless of great approach of current scientific remedy in developing countries including India. Globally, mounting number of people toward usage of alternative medicine has been on high demand with the betterment of the human health. Hence, attention seeks toward the utilization of the plant-based medicine for the prevention and treatment of diseases.[1]Buchanania lanzan Spreng (Chironji), Anacardiaceae, is a commercially useful tree found in Indian forests. Traditional knowledge reveals the value of all parts of the plant such as roots, leaves, fruits, seeds, and gum for its medicinal uses such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, adaptogenic, antiulcer, antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic, digestive, expectorant, purgative, and wound healing.[2],[3] According to literature survey, there is a dearth of information with the hematological parameters of B. lanzan . Hence, the present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the effects of methanolic extract of B. lanzan Spreng seeds on hematological indices: Packed cell volume (PCV), hemoglobin concentration (Hb conc.), red blood cell count (RBC), and white blood cell (WBC) count using a rat as a model.


 » Materials and Methods Top


Extraction Method

The B. lanzan seed was dried and powdered. The dried seeds were separately extracted in soxhlet extractor (250 g powder) with petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, chloroform, and methanol. The methanolic seed extract was concentrated under reduced pressure at 45–50°C. The yield of B. lanzan was found to be 45 g of oil (18%).[4]

Experimental Design

Male albino Wistar rats, body weight 100–200 g, were used in the study. The animals were housed six animals per cage and maintained under housing condition of temperature (24–27°C) and humidity (60–65%) with light and dark cycles (12 h). The study designed was performed after prior approval by the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee of B. R. Nahata College of Pharmacy, Mandsaur, bearing Registration number 918/AC/05/CPCSEA. Three groups of six animals were used for the study. Group I animals serve as control group received distilled water. Group II animals were treated with dose 1000 mg oil/kg of B. Lanzan . Group III animals were treated with dose 2000 mg oil/kg.

Analytical Procedure

On the 7th day after 6 h of the last dose, the blood samples were collected from retro-orbital plexus in heparinized vial under mild ether anesthesia. The cyanomethemoglobin method was used to measure Hb level. Visual method was adopted for determination of RBC and WBC counts using Neubauer hemocytometer. PCV was measured using microhematocrit method.[5],[6],[7],[8]

Statistical Analysis

The data were analyzed by GraphPad Prism 5.0 software (San Diego, California, USA) and all results were expressed as mean ± standard error of mean. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by Dunnett's multiple comparison test between treated and control groups.


 » Results Top


The results of the effects of methanolic extract of B. lanzan Spreng seeds on hematological indices of PCV, Hb conc., RBC count, and WBC count are mentioned in [Table 1]. The methanolic extract of B. lanzan (1000 mg oil/kg) caused a significant increase in the PCV and RBC count, whereas very significant increase in Hb conc. and WBC count. B. lanzan (2000 mg oil/kg) cause a very significant increase in PCV and Hb conc., whereas highly significant increase in RBC and WBC count was observed. The methanolic extract ofB. lanzan seed significantly increased the PCV, Hb conc., and RBC count.
Table 1: The effects of methanolic extract of Buchanania lanzan Spreng seeds on hematological indices

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 » Discussion Top


In this study, the increase in the blood indices could be related to the chemical composition of seeds. The chemical compositions of B. lanzan seeds include lipid/fat, protein, carbohydrate, fiber, minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, and vitamins such as thiamine, Vitamin C, riboflavin, niacin, and also contain fatty oil. Most of these constituents are well-known hematological factors that have a direct influence on the production of blood from the bone marrow.[9] The improvement of RBC, Hb, and PCV values of treated animals is an indication of the antianemic effect. This may be due to the stimulation of RBC production.[10] The methanolic extract of B. lanzan seed produced a significant increase in the WBC count. The administration of the extract at various doses stimulated the production of WBC and could be a result of possible stimulation of immune system.[11] Lymphocytosis may be primarily responsible for the increases in WBC count in this study.


 » Conclusions Top


The extract of B. lanzan could be useful for the treatment of anemia, hence the justification for its use by natives. Further studies are warranted to evaluate its immunomodulatory effect.

Financial Support and Sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of Interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
 » References Top

1.
Thomas SC. Medicinal Plants Culture, Utilization and Phytopharmacology. Li. United States: CRC Press; 1995.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Jain R, Jain SK. Effect of Buchanania lanzan Spreng. bark extract on cyclophosphamide induced genotoxicity and oxidative stress in mice. Asian Pac J Trop Med 2012;5:187-91.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Mahtab ZS, Arnab RC, Niranjan P, Moni T. Buchanania lanzan: A species of enormous potentials. World J Pharm Sci 2014;2:374-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Pattnaik A, Sarkar R, Sharma A, Yadav KK, Kumar A, Roy P, et al. Pharmacological studies on Buchanania lanzan Spreng. a focus on wound healing with particular reference to anti-biofilm properties. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2013;3:967-74.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Baker FJ. Baker and Silverton's Introduction to Medical Laboratory Technology. 7th ed. Scion Publishing, London: A Hodder Arnold Publication; 1998.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Cheesbrough M. District Laboratory Practices in Tropical Countries, Part 2. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press, NY: Tropical Health Technology; 2000.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Dacie JV, Lewis SM. Practical Haematology. 7th ed. England: ELBS with Churchill Livingston; 1991.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Jain NC. Schalm's Veterinary Haematology. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lea and Fabiger; 1986.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Ganong WF. A Review of Medical Physiology. 18th ed. Stamford, Conn.: Appleton and Large; 1997.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Brown BA. Haematological, Principles and Procedures. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lea and Ferbinger; 1976.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Kashinath RT. Hypolipimedic Effect of Disulphide in Rate Fed with High Lipid and/or Ethanol. Ph.D Thesis, University of Bangalore; 1990.  Back to cited text no. 11
    



 
 
    Tables

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