| RESEARCH ARTICLE
|Year : 2015 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 45-48
Effects of valproate on the carotid artery intima-media thickness in epileptics
Xinming Luo, Ming Zhang, Liying Deng, Jing Zhao
Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, China
Objective: The objective was to explore the effects of valproate (VPA) on the carotid artery intima-media thickness (CA-IMT) in epileptics.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 epileptic patients treated with VPA was included as disease group, while 33 healthy people who matched general basic demographic details were the control group. The IMTs of the left and right carotids of the both groups were measured, and the average CA-IMT was calculated. The IMT-related risk factors were acquired for the univariate and multivariate analysis.
Results: The bilateral carotid and average CA-IMTs of the disease group were significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.001). The multivariant gradual regressive analysis screened out two CA-IMT-related factors, namely the disease duration and the drug administration duration were positively correlated with the average CA-IMT. The epileptic patients with disease course of more than 3 years had much higher average CA-IMT than that of the epileptics with ≤3 years disease (P < 0.001). The average CA-IMT of the patients with VPA-administration duration >1 year was also higher than that of the patients with VPA-administration duration <1 year, while the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.196).
Conclusions: The average CA-IMT of the epileptic patients treated with VPA was higher than that of healthy people.
Dr. Jing Zhao
Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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