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 RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-33

Toll-like receptor 4 is involved in a protective effect of rhein on immunoglobulin A nephropathy


1 Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China
2 Department of Clinical Medicine, Science and Technology College of Jiangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine University, Nanchang, China
3 Department of Histology and Embryology, Medical College of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China
4 Department of Library, Medical College of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Huihong Zeng
Department of Histology and Embryology, Medical College of Nanchang University, Nanchang
China
Prof. Qingxian Zhu
Department of Histology and Embryology, Medical College of Nanchang University, Nanchang
China
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Source of Support: National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 30900574,81160050), Scientific Research Project of Jiangxi Provincial Education Department (GJJ14102) and Jiangxi Technology Support Program (20111BBG70015-3,20133BBG70055)., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.150319

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Objectives: The objective was to investigate the protective effects of rhein on renal histology change and the effects of rhein on renal tissue toll-like receptor (TLR) 4, TLR9, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) expression in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) rats. Materials and Methods: Bovine serum albumin-lipopolysaccharide-carbon tetrachloride 4 method was used to establish IgAN model. Thirty-two male sprague dawley rats were randomly divided into the control group, IgAN model group, rhein-prevented group, and rhein-treated group. 24-h urinary protein (UP), creatinine, urea, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total protein (TP) contents in the serum of rats were detected with automatic biochemical analyzer and renal pathological changes were observed by the hematoxylin and eosin and periodic acid-Schiff staining. The glomerular deposition of IgA was measured by immunofluorescence staining. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry were used to detect renal tissue contents of TLR4, TLR9, TGF-β1 messenger ribonucleic acid and protein expression. Results: The biochemical parameters results of IgAN model rats showed that the 24-h UP excretion and ALT concentration were much higher, and TP concentration was much lower than those of the control group (P < 0.05). Granule-like or mass-like IgA depositions in the mesangial area, glomerular hypercellularity, hyperplasia of mesangial matrix, and tubulointerstitial fibrosis were found in IgAN group. Rhein-prevented and rhein-treated both improved the biochemical parameters and relieved renal pathological injury. The expressions of renal tissue TLR4, TGF-β1, but not TLR9 were significantly elevated in IgAN model rats (P < 0.05). Rhein-prevented and rhein-treated both inhibited TLR4 and TGF-β1 expressions. Conclusion: Rhein significantly improved the serum and urine biochemical parameters, and attenuated the glomerular pathological changes and tubulointerstitial fibrosis in IgAN rats. The mechanism may involve inhibition of renal TLR4 and TGF-β1 secretion.






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