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 SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 233-236

Antibacterial and antioxidant activity of methanol extract of Evolvulus nummularius


1 Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai - 600 036, TN, India
2 Sophisticated Analytical Instrumentation Facility, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai - 600 036, TN, India

Correspondence Address:
Rama S Verma
Department of Biotechnology, , Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai - 600 036, TN
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7613.58514

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Objective : To evaluate the antibacterial and antioxidant activity of methanol extract of Evolvulus nummularius (L) L. Materials and Methods : Disc diffusion and broth serial dilution tests were used to determine the antibacterial activity of the methanol extract against two Gram-positive bacterial strains (Bacillus subtilus NCIM 2718, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923) and three Gram-negative bacterial strains (Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 70063 and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922). The methanol extract was subjected to preliminary phytochemical analysis. Free radical scavenging activity of the methanol extract at different concentrations was determined with 2, 2-diphenyl-1picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Results : The susceptible organisms to the methanol extract were Escherichia coli (MIC=12.50 mg/ml) and Bacillus subtilus (MIC=3.125 mg/ml) and the most resistant strains were Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The methanol extracts exhibited radical scavenging activity with IC50 of 350 μg/ml. Conclusion : The results from the study show that methanol extract of E.nummularius has antibacterial activity. The antioxidant activity may be attributed to the presence of tannins, flavonoids and triterpenoids in the methanol extract. The antibacterial and antioxidant activity exhibited by the methanol extract can be corroborated to the usage of this plant in Indian folk medicine.






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