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 RESEARCH PAPER
Year : 1994  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23-28

Prescription audit in an Indian hospital setting using the DDD (Defined Daily Dose) concept



Correspondence Address:
M V Srishyla


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A prescription audit was undertaken in an Indian hospital setting to evaluate the feasibility of data acquisition methods and to determine the frequency of prescribing of four commonly used groups of drugs, viz., cardiovascular drugs (CVS drugs), nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs including analgesics and antipyretics (NSAIDs), drugs acting on central nervous system (CNS drugs) and drugs used in acid peptic disease (APD drugs). An attempt was made to relate prescription data to age and sex of the patients. Mean ( SD drugs per prescription was 2.17 (1.22. The frequency of prescribing of NSAIDs, CNS drugs, CVS drugs and APD drugs was24.52% (624/2545) 13.36% (340/2545), 0.25% (21012545) and7.51% (19112545) respec-tively. The prescribing frequency of NSAlDs was higher in females than in males (p= 0.03). Frequency of prescribing of CVS drugs increased with age for both sexes (P < 0.0001). In the 31-40 age group, prescribing frequency of CVS drugs was significantly higher in males than in females (p= 0.003) while it was vice versa with NSAlDs (p= 0.04). There was significant though irregular difference in the prescribing frequency of NSAlDs (p= 0.05) and of CNS drugs (p= 0.0003) in males of different age groups. In males, the prescribing frequency of APD drugs was significantly lower in the below-20 age groups as compared with the above-20 age groups (p= 0.02). This study illustrates the feasibility and usefulness of conducting prescription audit in an Indian hospital setting employing internationally accepted methods of monitoring drug utilization.






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